What are The 7 Heavy Letters In Arabic?

heavy and light letters

The 7 Heavy Letters In Arabic?

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2 What The 7 Heavy Letters In Arabic mean?

The scholars of Tajweed Rules explained that the Heaviness is the thickening of the letter, and they agreed that the Always Heavy letters are The 7 Heavy Letters In Arabic “Isti’alaa Letters, even if their ranks differ in the Heaviness which are:-

  • الخاء.
  • الصاد.
  • الضاد.
  • الغين.
  • الطاء.
  • القاف.
  • الظاء.

What The 7 Heavy Letters In Arabic mean?

fattening and the opposite of it is thinning technecly , but in the terminology it is: fattening the letter and making it thicker by making it Heavy at its point so that the mouth is filled with echoes so that it is heard strong and thickened.

Note: The heavy letters are also called the full mouth letters.

The 7 Heavy Letters In Arabic of Tajweed Rules:

The letters of Tafkheem in the Tajweed Rules are the letters of isti’laa and they are grouped in a phrase ” خص ضغطٍ قظ” so The 7 Heavy Letters In Arabic are Seven, Which are Kha, sad, dhad, ghain, ta’, qaf and thaal.

The 7 Heavy Letters Rankings:

Among the scholars who basically considered that the Heaviness has three levels, and some of them thought it five, depending on this difference is that some of them thought that the Sakin has an independent case, 

and distinguished between the voweled letter followed by an Alif and the Vowled letter that did not come after an Alif Letter, and this resulted in an increase of two ranks, and in this Article, it will be considered that they are five ranks, and their order from the strongest to the weakest is as follows:

  • The Heavy Letter should have a fatha and followed by an Alif letter.
  • The Heavy Letter should have a fatha and not followed by an alif.
  • The Heavy Letter should have a Damah.
  • The Heavy Letter must have a sukoon after Alif or Damah.
  • The Heavy Letter has Sukoon.

Letters Can be Ethier Heavy or Light:

Those Arabic letters depend on the vowels or letters that follow them, and they are as follows:

The Heavy Alif Letter:

The letter “alif” is not described with Heavniess as it depends on the letter that immediately precedes it, If the one before it was a heavy letter, then it will be heavy, and if it was Light, it will be light. The following are some examples: 

The Heavy Alif Letter:

{مَا}.
{شَاء}.
{دَارُ}.
{كَانَ}.

The Heavy Laam Letter:-

It is the laam of the name of Allah, and it is pronounced heavily if it is preceded by a fatha or a damma, and it is pronounced Lightly if it is preceded by a Kasrah.

The Heavy Laam Examples:

{وَالله}.
{قالَ الله}.
{تَالله}.
{عبدُالله}.
{رَسُولُ الله}.

The Light Laam Examples:

{فِي الله}.
{لِله}.
{قُلِ اللهم}.
{بِسْمِ الله}.

The Letter Raa:

Heaviness and Lightness of Letter Raa have many cases, the following are explained with examples:

Cases of Heaviness of The letter Raa:

The Raa which has Dammah Or Fatha


{رَبَّكُم}.
{الرَّحْمن}.
{الرُّسُل}.
{رُزِقُوا}.

 

The Sakin Raa which Preceded By Fatha Or Dammah:

The Sakin Raa which Preceded By Fatha Or Dammah:

{العَرْش}.
{يُرْسِل}.
{مَرْيَم}.
{قُرْبَى}.

 
The Sakin Raa which Preceded By Kasrah, and followed by A heavy letter whic has Fatha:

{فِرْقَة}.
{مِرْصَادًا}.
{إِرْصَادًا}.
{قِرْطَاس}.

The Sakin Raa which Came after Hamzatul was:

{ارْتابوا}.
{ارْجعي}.
{ارْتضى}.
{ارْجعون}.

The Sakin Raa which Came after Hamzatul was:

{ارْتابوا}.
{ارْجعي}.
{ارْتضى}.
{ارْجعون}.

The Sakin Raa which Preceded By an Original or temoprarily Sakin letter:

{ربّ ارحمهما}.
{لمنِ ارْتضى}.
{بِّ ارْجعون}.

The Temporarily Sakin Raa at the end of the Word which Preceded By Fatha or Dammah:

{النُذُرِ}.
{القَمَر}.
{مزدَجَر}.
{نُكُر}.

The Temporarily Sakin Raa at the end of the Word which Preceded By Sakin Alif or Waw:

{النَّارُ}.
{الأمُورُ}.
{النّهَار}.

The Temporarily Sakin Raa at the end of the Word which Preceded By an orignal sakin letter which preceded by a fatha or dammah:

{الأَمْرُ}
{العُسْرِ}.
{صُفْر}.
{خُسْر}.
{العَصْر}.
{الفَجْر}

Cases of Lightness of The letter Raa:

The Raa which has Orighinal or Temporairly Kasrah

{والفجرِ}.
{رِزْقِه}.
{وبشّرِ الذين}.
{واذكرِ اسم}.
{القارِعة}.
{غيرِ}.

The Raa which has Orighinal Kasrah and It is not Followed By A Heavy Letter has Fatha:

{استغفِرْ}.
{الفِرْدُوس}.
{مِرْيَة}.
{فِرْعُون}.
{شِرْذِمة}.


and If It is followed by a Heavy Letter which has Fatha So The Raa will be Heavy.

The Temporarily Sakin Raa at the end of the Word which Preceded by a Kasrah:

{مستمِر}.
{قدِر}.
{مدكِر}.

The Temporarily Sakin Raa at the end of the Word which Preceded A Sakin Yaa:

{قَدِير}.
{خَبِير}.
{بَصِير}.
{خَيْر}.

 

The Raa which Preceded By a Light sakin Letter which preceded by A Kasrah:

{حِجْر}.
{سِحْر}.

The Inclinating Raa, which is mentione in a one Word In The Way Of Hafs A’n Asem

{مَجْرىٰهَا}.

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